An absolute classic of autobiography and history - one of the few books to explore how and why the Germans were seduced by Hitler and Nazism. Sebastian Haffner was a non-Jewish German who emigrated to England in 1938. This memoir (written in 1939 but only published now for the first time) begins in 1914 when the family summer holiday is cut short by the outbreak of war, and ends with Hitler's assumption of power in 1933. It is a portrait of himself and his own generation in Germany, those born between 1900 and 1910, and brilliantly explains through his own experiences and those of his friends how that generation came to be seduced by Hitler and Nazism. The Germans lacked an outlet for self-expression: where the French had amour, food and wine, and the British their gardens and their pets, the Germans had nothing, leading to a tendency towards mass psychosis. The upheaval of post-WWI revolution, factionalism and inflation left the Germans addicted to excitement and action: Hitler provided this, and more.
This book seeks to identify the motivations of individual perpetrators of ethnic violence. The work develops four models gleaned from existing social science literatures: Fear, Hatred, Resentment, and Rage. The empirical chapters apply the models to important events involving ethnic conflict in Eastern Europe, from the 1905 Russian Revolution to the 1990's collapse of Yugoslavia. Each historical chapter generates questions about the timing and target of ethnic violence. The four models are then applied to determine which is most effective in explaining the observed patterns of ethnic conflict.
It is easy in retrospect to ascribe inevitability to vast historical events like the East German Revolution and the unification of Germany that followed. But in fact, such events are not inevitable; they are the product of decisions made at the moment, when the outcomes of a process were not yet clear. Under severe time constraints dictated by an opening in international relations connected to Gorbachev, and ongoing upheaval in East German politics that put the state's existence into question, and an economic collapse in East Germany, policymakers sought not only the limited knowledge of the future of the actors involved but also the long-term consequences of their actions.
Footprints of Industry Papers from the 300th Anniversary Conference at Coalbrookdale, 3-7 June 2009: Papers from the 300th Anniver
This volume contains a selection of papers which were presented at the Fe09 Conference in June 2009. The conference was held as part of the Coalbrookdale 300 celebrations (Shropshire, England), commemorating the tercentenary of Abraham Darbys success with coke-smelted iron. This momentous event was a truly world-changing moment in human history; and its origins, consequences and wider impacts were the subject of debate and discussion throughout the conference. Contents: Foreword (Sir Neil Cossons); Introduction (Paul Belford and Roger White) 1) Ironworks to museum: Coalbrookdale 1709-2009 (Michael Darby); 2) Vegetation changes in former mining and metalworking areas of Wales and Ireland during prehistoric and medieval times (Tim Mighall, Simon Timberlake and Peter Crew); 3) Early industrialisation in a typical German upland region (Gerhard Ermischer); 4) Before the Lunar Society: the evidence for early post-medieval industrialisation in Birmingham (Chris Hewitson); 5) Technological advance in the Severn Gorge (Peter King); 6) New men on the block Sheffield steelmen in the Cutlers Company (Joan Unwin); 7) Steel away: the Trenton Steel Works and the struggle for American manufacturing independence (Richard W. Hunter and Ian C. Burrow); 8) Advancing the work of Prometheus: the impact of artificial light in the workplace and beyond (Ian West); 9) Bath in the Industrial Revolution: the harmony of tourism, trade, and innovation (Colin J. Axon and Stuart Burroughs); 10) A cast iron legacy: remembering the roots of an industrial village in Nottinghamshire (Emily Gillott); 11) Recording and protecting Glasgows water supply Miriam McDonald, Jelle Muylle and Miles Oglethorpe); 12) Diversity in structure: evidence for globalisation and local interaction in the archaeology, architecture and cultural tourism of industrial communities in Wales (Stephen Hughes); 13) Excavating the cotton mill: towards a research framework for the below-ground remains of the textile industry (Michael Nevell); 14) Projects ongoing: reflections on archaeology and industrial heritage in the Ironbridge Gorge (Paul Belford); 15) South-east Wales industrial ironworks landscapes (Richard Roberts); 16) Detritus or artefact? Examining archaeological approaches to the preservation and presentation of nineteenth and twentieth century industrial workshops (William Mitchell and Samantha Hepburn); 17) The Clee Hills: concrete heritage, missed opportunities and an extraordinary landscape (Roger White); 18) Industrial Heritage in the Greater Region (Norbert Mendgen); 19) Industrial World Heritage Sites: shifting perceptions from icons to cultural landscapes (Keith Falconer); 20) National and regional plans on industrial heritage in Spain: how can we complete the puzzle? (Carmen Hidalgo Giralt and Pablo Sanchez Perez); 21) New life for old industrial archaeology records (Martin Newman); Appendix: Grey literature reports produced by the Ironbridge archaeology unit.