November 1989: East Germans danced on the Berlin wall and the Communist regime began to collapse. A unique revolution occurred: changes were brought about by peaceful, spontaneous demonstrations. No group organized the famous gatherings of thousands of people at the Karl Marx Square in Leipzig on October 9, 1989. Why did so many citizens participate although they risked their lives? Why were the demonstrations peaceful? How was it possible that so many people demonstrated without any organization? What part did the church and opposition groups play in the emergence of the revolution? Why didn't the government crack down the demonstrations? How did political events such as the liberalization in Eastern Europe influence the demonstrations? In a readable and accessible style, "Origins of Spontaneous Revolution" provides an explanation of this revolution based in rational actor theory. The authors support their arguments with documents, jokes, and a unique data set: one year after the revolutionary events a representative survey of 1300 Leipzig residents was conducted focusing exclusively on the revolutionary period. This book will be of interest to sociologists and other social scientists such as historians and political scientists. Karl Dieter Opp, Peter Voss, and Christiane Gern are members of the faculty of the Institute of Sociology, University of Hamburg.
The Human Race will enter the third millennium on the crest of a far-reaching social change. According to the theory of the promising Russian economist and sociologist Vladislav Inozemtsev, a new type of society is taking shape, one in which the motivations of an increasingly wide spectrum of people are essentially non-economic. The emergence of this post-economic society gives rise to major contradictions, both within the developed post-industrial countries and on the international scene. These contradictions are rooted in the different capacity of individuals and whole nations for absorbing the growing flow of information and generating new knowledge - something that underlines today's technological and social progress. At the turn of the century, the researcher sees humanity as a ""divided civilisation."" The prospects for its development are what this book analyses. Vladislav L. Inozemtsev (b. 1968) is a Professor in the Economics Department of Moscow State University and Director of the Centre for Post-Industrial Studies under the Russian Academy of Sciences. Professor Inozemtsev has authored eight books on theoretical aspects of contemporary international economy and economic history published in Russia during 1995-2000, as well as over 140 articles in the Russian academic press. One of his books has been translated into French (V.L. Inozemtsev, Contribution la thorite de la formation post-conomique de la socit, Paris, 1996) and another one into English (V.L. Inozemtsev, The Constitution of the Post-Economic State: Post-Industrial Theories and Post-Economic Trends in the Contemporary World, Aldershot, England, 1998). Between 1997-2000, he translated into Russian and edited several books by Western economists and sociologists, including The Calculus of Consent and The Limits of Liberty by James Buchanan, The Coming of Post-Industrial Society by Daniel Bell as well as the anthology Modern Post-Industrial Wave in the West comprising excerpts from the works of Lester Thurow, Peter Drucker, Francis Fukuyama, John K. Galbraith, A. Etzioni, etc. From 1994 Vladislav L. Inozemtsev has been Chairman of the Board and CEO of the Moscow-Paris Commercial Bank. In 1998-1999 he was invited to Harvard University, USA as a visiting lecturer on Russian Economics. Since 1997 Vladislav L. Inozemtsev has been living in Moscow and Paris.
For more than half a century, marketers have bombarded customers with more and more choices in products and services. What is the result? Unprecedented anxiety. Our mental circuit breakers are on overload. In fact, pioneering brand strategists Steven M. Cristol and Peter Sealey assert that we have reached our manageable threshold for making decisions -- and a watershed in product proliferation. In this pathbreaking book, the authors argue with compelling evidence that the next generation of marketing successes will belong to those brands that simplify customers' lives or businesses in ways that are inextricably tied to brand and product positioning. They contend that if a brand is not reducing customer stress, it is creating it -- and it is vulnerable to losing market share to more customer-empathetic competitors. Writing especially for product or brand managers who are struggling to simplify their portfolios, Cristol and Sealey have created a breakthrough framework that is itself a lesson in simplicity. After presenting two essential guideposts for managers to assess where their brand sits on the stress spectrum, the authors turn to the heart of Simplicity Marketing -- the 4 R's of simplification: Replace, Repackage, Reposition, and Replenish. Using scores of real-world company examples, Cristol and Sealey show how each of the 4 R's interacts with the others in powerful ways to relieve customer stress and how these strategies may be executed individually or in combination to build brand loyalty. Here for the first time are ten specific strategies to relieve customer stress through consolidating, aggregating, or integrating products and services, repositioning brands for more relevance to stress reduction, and decluttering customers' decision-making requirements. The final pages of this brilliant manifesto for a simplicity revolution provide a guide to managing simplicity strategies, leveraging information technology to simplify rather than complicate customers' lives, and integrating all the tools in the book into an executional blueprint.
World System Scholars: Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Vladimir Lenin, Andrey Korotayev, Fernand Braudel, Immanuel Wallerstein, Samir A
Chapters: Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Vladimir Lenin, Andrey Korotayev, Fernand Braudel, Immanuel Wallerstein, Samir Amin, Andre Gunder Frank, Giovanni Arrighi, Michael Burawoy, Douglas R. White, Janet Abu-Lughod, Nikolay Kradin, Peter Turchin, Patrick Bond, Christopher Chase-Dunn, Leonid Grinin, William Hardy Mcneill, Kunibert Raffer, Ravi Arvind Palat. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 126. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Russian: 22 April 1870 21 January 1924), born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Russian: ), was a Russian revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years (19171924), as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a socialist economic system. As a politician, Vladimir Lenin was a persuasive orator, as a political scientist his extensive theoretic and philosophical developments of Marxism produced MarxismLeninism, the pragmatic Russian application of Marxism. Infancy: V.I. Ulyanov, aged three. Youth: c. 1887Lenin was born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, on 22 April 1870, to Maria Alexandrovna Blank, a schoolmistress, and Ilya Nikolayevich Ulyanov a physics instructor, at Simbirsk, a Volga River town in the Russian Empire of the nineteenth century; following family custom, he was baptized into the Russian Orthodox Church. Later, the USSR renamed Simbirsk as Ulyanovsk. In 1869, Ilya Ulyanov became the Inspector of Public Schools, and later the Director of Elementary Schools, for the Simbirsk Gubernia Oblast (province), a successful career in the Imperial Russian public education system. Yet, Tsarist cultural mores defined the Ulyanov family stock as "ethnically mixed" "Mordovian, Kalmyk, Jewish (cf. Blan...More: http: //booksllc.net/?id=11015252